In September 2010, Teso sub-region of north eastern Uganda started experiencing floods. The floods destroyed crops in the fields, flooded latrines in homes and in schools and contaminated water sources. Roads were damaged and some sub-counties were cut off and became totally inaccessible. Teso sub-region had received excess rainfall since April causing excessive waterlog and flooding.
The situation worsened by water coming through waterways into Katakwi district from Napak and Amuria. The most affected sub-counties were Magoro, Katakwi, Ngariam, Ongongoja and Palam. An estimated 6,600 acres of cassava were destroyed, 5,800 acres of sorghum, 1,700 acres of ground nuts and 1,000 acres of sweet potatoes.
The region had been affected by chronic drought and occasional floods in the past but the situation worsened in the in recent years with erratic weather conditions becoming the norm. In 2007 flooding devastated the region, destroying crops and food reserves. Alongside climatic hazards, cattle rustling from the neighbouring Karamojong people and influx of returnees from Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) camps were factors contributing to persistent food insecurity and increased vulnerability. Teso sub-region, consists of Soroti, Kumi, Katakwi, Amuria, Kaberamaido and Bukedea districts. The region borders Karamoja in the north, Lira in the west and Mbale in the south. The inhabitants are Iteso and Kumam ethnic groups.
These floods have come at a time that the population had low capacity to cope as they were experiencing widespread hunger following a period of inadequate and erratic rainfall in the previous seasons. According to the Katakwi district officials, the immediate need in Katakwi included:
- Human drugs
- Water containers, jerry cans, basins and saucepans.
- Tarpaulins to be used for shelters
- Tents for classrooms for affected schools.
- Emergency food aid
- Soap,salt and household items
The Born Again Faith was involved in collecting 172 tonnes of these items and distributing them in the region.